Scaling is the process by which plaque and calculus are removed from tooth surfaces. Root planning is the process by which residual embedded calculus is removed from the roots to provide a smooth, hard and clean surface. The primary objective of scaling and root planning is to restore gingival health by completely removing the tooth surface elements that provoke the gingival inflammation.
This is the process by which plaque and calculus are removed from both supragingival and subgingival surfaces of teeth. Scaling can be done with the help of hand instruments or ultrasonic scaler tips. Ultrasonic scaler tips are often preferred over hand instruments as it is faster and both the doctor and the patient would feel more comfortable. The ultrasonic tip vibrates parallel to the tooth surface which leads to less removal of the tooth surface and reduction in pain perception by the patient.
Objectives of scaling
Root planning is the process by which residual embedded calculus and portions of cementum are removed from roots to provide a smooth, hard and clean surface. This procedure is also known as root surface debridement, root detoxification or closed deep scaling. Root planning is done with the help of instruments known as curettes.
Objectives of root planing
Scaling and root planning can be used as either a preventive measure against periodontal disease or as a stand-alone treatment. Some reasons for seeking scaling and root planning are as follows :
Failure of scaling and root planning can be due to the following reasons :
It is recommended to get scaling done once in 6 months as a prophylactic measure. Scaling and root planning is one of the most effective ways to treat gum disease before it becomes severe. You don’t have to lose teeth to periodontal diseases. They often can be treated successfully.
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